The field of geochemistry involves study of the chemical composition of the Earth and other planets, chemical processes and reactions that govern the composition of rocks, water, and soils, and the cycles of matter and energy that transport the Earth's chemical components in time and space, and their interaction with the hydrosphere and the atmosphere.

Some subsets of geochemistry are:

  1. Isotope geochemistry:Determination of the relative and absolute concentrations of the elements and their isotopes in the earth and on earth's surface.
  2. Examination of the distribution and movements of elements in different parts of the earth (crust, mantle, hydrosphere etc.) and in minerals with the goal to determine the underlying system of distribution and movement.
  3. Cosmochemistry: Analysis of the distribution of elements and their isotopes in the cosmos.
  4. Biogeochemistry: Field of study focusing on the effect of life on the chemistry of the earth.
  5. Organic geochemistry: A study of the role of processes and compounds that are derived from living or once-living organisms.
  6. Aqueous geochemistry: Understanding the role of various elements in watersheds, including copper, sulfur, mercury, and how elemental fluxes are exchanged through atmospheric-terrestrial-aquatic interactions.
  7. Regional, environmental and exploration geochemistry: Applications to environmental, hydrological and mineral exploration studies.

Victor Goldschmidt is considered by most to be the father of modern geochemistry and the ideas of the subject were formed by him in a series of publications from 1922 under the title ‘Geochemische Verteilungsgesetze der Elemente’ (geochemical laws of distribution of the elements).


This category has the following 5 subcategories, out of 5 total.






Pages in category "Geochemistry"

The following 85 pages are in this category, out of 85 total.