{{#if:129.244 g/molcolorless liquid with ammonia odorC8H19N0.7670 g/cm3 at 20°C-62°C159.6°C4.7 g/Lsoluble in acetone, benzene; very soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether0.34 kPa11.25[3]|! style="background: #F8EABA; text-align: center;" colspan="2" | Properties
Dibutylamine[1][2]
Identifiers
CAS number 111-92-2
PubChem 8148
ChemSpider 7856 YesY
RTECS number HR7780000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C8H19N
Molar mass 129.244 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid with ammonia odor
Density 0.7670 g/cm3 at 20°C
Melting point

-62°C

Boiling point

159.6°C

Solubility in water 4.7 g/L
Solubility soluble in acetone, benzene; very soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether
Vapor pressure 0.34 kPa
Acidity (pKa) 11.25[3] Thermochemistry
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-206.0 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-156.6 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
Specific heat capacity, C 292.9 J·mol-1·K-1 (liquid)
Hazards
MSDS Oxford University



EU Index Harmful (Xn), Corrosive (C)
Flash point 47°C
Explosive limits 1.1 – 6%
LD50 360 mg/kg (oral, rat)
Related compounds
Related compounds Dimethylamine
Diethylamine
Dipropylamine
Diisopropylamine
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Dibutylamine is an amine in the form of colorless liquid. It is miscible with almost all common organic solvents, and has limited miscibility with water. It is flammable, toxic, and corrosive to the skin and eyes.[4]

Applications

In oilfield, it is often used as a corrosion inhibitor and in the manufacture of emulsifiers. It is also used as intermediate in the production of:

  • pharmaceuticals
  • agricultural chemicals
  • dye intermediates
  • printing inks
  • paper
  • leather
  • textile and dye auxiliaries
  • photographic chemicals
  • plasticizers
  • additives for fuels and lubricants
  • flotation agents
  • rubber accelerators
  • curing agents for epoxy resins
  • catalysts for polyurethane resins

Shelf life

Dibutylamine has an almost unlimited shelf life in unopened, original containers.

Safety

Direct contact results in burns and eye injury. Ingestion results in damage to the gastrointestinal tract. Inhalation of vapors may irritate the respiratory tract. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasms, inflammation and edema of the larynx and bronchi.Overexposure may result in sensitization.

IR spectrum

Infrared Spectroscopy of Dibutylamine.

References

  1. Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3-160, 5-54, 8-53, 8-112, 15-18, 16-27, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2
  2. "Safety (MSDS) data for di-N-propylamine". Oxford University. http://msds.chem.ox.ac.uk/DI/di-N-propylamine.html. Retrieved 2009-04-07.
  3. Hall, H.K., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 5441.
  4. Script error