Seimology (including seismic stratigraphy) is a means by which to resolve the subsurface stratigraphy of the Earth (sedimentary and igneous components). It is favored by petroleum companies because of the speed of analysis, extent of coverage and relatively cheap cost.

Seismology uses acoustic waves to resolve subsurface stratigraphy and is related to depth sounders in marine transducer-transceiver systems.

Geophysics lecture 11: Introduction to Seismology.

See also