Rotary steerable system
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (March 2007)|
A rotary steerable system is a new form of drilling technology used in directional drilling. It employs the use of specialized downhole equipment to replace conventional directional tools such as mud motors.They are generally programmed by the MWD engineer or directional driller who transmits commands using surface equipment (typically using either pressure fluctuations in the mud column or variations in the drill string rotation) which the tool understands and gradually steers into the desired direction. In other words, a tool designed to drill directionally with continuous rotation from the surface, eliminating the need to slide a steerable motor.
The advantages of this technology are many for both main groups of users: geoscientists & drillers. Continuous rotation of the drill string allows for improved transportation of drilled cuttings to the surface resulting in better hydraulic performance, better weight transfer for the same reason allows a more complex bore to be drilled, and reduced well bore tortuosity due to utilizing a more steady steering model. The well geometry therefore is less aggressive and the wellbore (wall of the well) is smoother than those drilled with motor. This last benefit concerns to geoscientists because the measurements taken of the properties of the formation can be obtained with a higher quality.
There are currently 8 main systems on the market.
- Well-Guide RSS from Gyrodata (Website)
- Rotary Steerable Motor from APS-Tech (Website)
- PowerDrive from Schlumberger (Website)
- AutoTrak from Baker Hughes INTEQ (Website)
- Geo-Pilot and EZ-Pilot from Sperry Drilling Services (Website)
- Pathmaker from Pathfinder (Website)
- Revolution from Weatherford (Website)
- DeviDrill from Devico AS (Website)