PetroChina

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PetroChina Company Limited
Type Public
SEHK0857
SSE: 601857
NYSEPTR
Industry Oil
Gas
Petroleum
Petrochemical
Chemicals
Founded 1999 (1999)
Headquarters Dongcheng District, Beijing, People's Republic of China
Area served China
Key people

Jiang Jiemin
Chairman of the Board

Zhou Jiping
CEO
Products Diesel
Gasoline
Fuel oil
Jet fuel
Lubricants
Asphalt
Paraffin
Ethylene
Propylene
Benzene
Urea
Ammonium nitrate
Revenue Increase $221.57 billion (FY 2010)[1]
Operating income Increase $28.39 billion (FY 2010)[1]
Net income Increase $21.16 billion (FY 2010)[1]
Total assets Increase $250.46 billion (FY 2010)[2]
Total equity Increase $141.96 billion (FY 2010)[2]
Employees 539,168 (FY 2010)[1]
Parent China National Petroleum Corporation
Website petrochina.com.cn/ptr/

PetroChina Company Limited (Chinese: 中国石油天然气股份有限公司, Chinese: 中國石油天然氣股份有限公司) (SEHK0857, SSE: 601857, NYSEPTR) is a Chinese oil company and is the listed arm of state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), headquartered in Dongcheng District, Beijing.[3] It is China's biggest oil producer,[4] and was the world's most valuable company by market value as of September 28th 2010.[5] Traded in Hong Kong and New York, the mainland enterprise announced its plans to issue stock in Shanghai in November 2007,[4] and following its debut on the Shanghai index, its market value tripled, making PetroChina the first company to reach a trillion dollar market capitalization.[6][7]

Contents

History

The landmark of Dongzhimen -- the headquarters of PetroChina in Beijing.

PetroChina was established as a joint stock company with limited liabilities under the Company Law of the People's Republic of China (the PRC) on November 5, 1999, as part of the restructuring of CNPC. In the restructuring, CNPC injected into PetroChina most of the assets and liabilities of CNPC relating to its exploration and production, refining and marketing, chemicals and natural gas businesses. The corporate logos of PetroChina and its parent company CNPC strongly resemble that of the British and American oil companies operated under the Shell name.

Although PetroChina is the most profitable company in Asia, this success may be the result of corporate management, but can also be attributed to the near duopoly on the wholesale and retail business of oil products it shares with Sinopec in China.

Because of Sinopec's link to Sudan through parent company China Petrochemical Corp, several institutional investors such as Harvard and Yale decided, in 2005, to divest from Sinopec. Sudan divestment efforts have continued to be concentrated on PetroChina since then.[8] Fidelity Investments, after pressure from activist groups, also announced in a filing in the US that it had sold 91 per cent of its American Depositary Receipts in PetroChina in the first quarter of 2007.[9]

At the beginning of May 2007, the company announced it had made China's largest oil find in a decade off the country's northeast coast, in an oilfield named Jidong Nanpu in Bohai Bay.[10] In May 2008 these expectations were lowered.[11]

On November 7, 2007, Hang Seng Index Services Company announced that PetroChina would be a Hang Seng Index Constituent Stock, effective December 10, 2007.[12] PetroChina has also come under scrutiny from international organizations for its part in trading with the Sudanese government who continues the ongoing war in Darfur.

On August 19, 2009, PetroChina signed an AU$50 billion deal with ExxonMobil to purchase liquefied natural gas from the Gorgon field in Western Australia,[13][14] considered the largest contract ever signed between China and Australia, which ensures China a steady supply of LNG fuel for 20 years, and also forms as China's largest supply of relatively "clean energy".[15][16] This deal has been formally secured, despite relations between Australia and China being at their lowest point in years, following the Rio Tinto espionage case and the granting of visas to Rebiya Kadeer to visit Australia.[17]

PetroChina's Dushanzi District refinery became fully operational on September 24, 2009. The refinery is China's largest refinery with annual capacity of 10 million tons of oil and 1 million tons of ethylene. The refinery is an integral part of China's ambitions to import oil from Kazakhstan.[18]

February 2011: PetroChina has agreed to pay $5.4 billion for a gas field stake owned by Encana. It is the China's biggest investments in shale gas which difficult-to-extract.[19]

Environmental record

Although PetroChina is promoting safety, environmental protection and people-orientation as its slogan and is determined to encourage efficiency in utilization of resource as well as effective operation of the Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) management system as a method to reduce emission of pollutants.[20]

Chemical spill

Petrochina had a chemical spill in November, 2005. One of its chemical plants exploded in Jilin, China, resulting in 100 tons of benzene, which is a carcinogen and toxic, pouring into the Songhua River. There was a slick of chemicals that spanned 80 kilometres.[21] Harbin, which is another city along the Songhua River, had to cut the water supply from almost 4 million people, for 5 days. More than 60 people were injured, five died, and one person was missing due to the incident.[22] The spill prompted China’s environmental agency to fine the company one million yuan (approximately $125,000, £64,000) for its pollution, which was the maximum fine that can be handed out in China for breaking an environmental law.[23] However, this disaster sparked controversy about this law. People claimed the law was too soft.[24] The spill even crept into Kharbosvk, Russia, where residents stocked up on bottled water. The city tried filtering its water of toxic substances, but officials were still unsure if the water was 100% safe for drinking.[25] The Chinese government said it will take more than one billion dollars to clean up the aftermath.[21] Li Zhaoxing, Chinese Foreign Minister at the time, issued a public apology to Russia due to the incident.[26]

The "Western Gas to the East" Pipeline Project

A PetroChina gas station in Xinjiang

Another major controversial issue is PetroChina’s development in gas reserves in Tarim Basins, Xinjiang. It is now constructing a pipeline across Tibet to Gansu province in China, eventually lead to Shanghai. It is argued that such a project might pose a threat to the environment, as the construction of the pipeline might affect the wildlife in the regions where it runs through. Also, the exiled Tibetan government argued that such project is part of China’s strategy to consolidate political control of the Western Regions in China, including Tibet. However, no known environmental or social impact assessments have been conducted, as the environmental record of Tarim Basins is very poor.[27]

Demonstration at new plant

Approved in 2007, a $5.5 billion petrochemical plant, expected to produce 800,000 tons of ethylene and refine 10 million tons of crude oil a year, is now under construction by PetroChina in Chengdu, provincial capital of Sichuan in Southwestern China. Ethylene is widely used in the production of goods such as packaging and trash liners. Although the project claimed that $565 million of the total investment would be dedicated to environmental protection, residents of Chengdu who believe it might bring pollution to the local area took to the streets on May 3 and 4, 2008, to protest against the project. The whole demonstration was peaceful, and presence of Chinese government intervention was scarce.[28]

Recognition

  • Forbes published its latest ranking of the “Forbes 2000 The World’s Leading Companies”. The company ranked 6th in the world for public companies.[29]
  • The Company won a series of awards in the competition organised by FinanceAsia, an influential magazine in Asia Pacific capital markets. The Company won the following awards:
  • AsiaMoney’s 2004 “Annual Best-Managed Large Companies Poll”, the Company was awarded the “Overall Best-Managed Large Cap Company” and “Overall Most Improved Company for Best-Management Practices” Awards.

Corporate bonds

PetroChina, on 2008-10-24 issued a 80 billion yuan ($11.7 billion) of medium-term corporate bonds, which was the biggest ever domestic issue by a listed company.[1]

References

  • 2004 Annual Report, pp. 135, 137 [2]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 PetroChina's annual income statement via Wikinvest
  2. 2.0 2.1 PetroChina's annual balance sheet via Wikinvest
  3. "Contact Us." PetroChina. Retrieved on July 8, 2010. "Address: 9 Dongzhimen North Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, P.R.China."
  4. 4.0 4.1 Analysts express optimism about Chinese shares (Xinhuanet.com, with source from Shanghai Daily)
  5. http://media.ft.com/cms/620e79e8-8837-11df-a4e7-00144feabdc0.pdf
  6. Watts, Jonathan (November 6, 2007). "PetroChina makes its debut as world's first trillion-dollar firm". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2007/nov/06/china. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  7. Similarly, a century earlier, U.S. Steel was the first company with a billion dollar market cap.
  8. Response to Berkshire Hathaway's statement on its holdings in PetroChina Company Limited, Sudan Divestment Task Force, 2007-02-23. Retrieved on 2007-03-28.
  9. Darfur activists claim Fidelity success 2007-05-17
  10. "China claims major oil field find". BBC News. May 4, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/6623179.stm. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  11. China: PetroChina's Jidong Nanpu oil field smaller than originally thought" 28 May 2010
  12. HSI SERVICES ANNOUNCES INDEX REVIEW RESULTS
  13. Stephen McDonell, August 19, 2009, Record gas deal between China and Australia - AM - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  14. Babs McHugh, August 19, 2009, Massive sale from Gorgon Gas Project - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  15. David McLennan, August 20, 2009, Australia to be 'global supplier of clean energy' - The Canberra Times
  16. August 20, 2009, CNPC to import 2.25m tons of LNG annually from Australia - ChinaDaily (Source: Xinhua)
  17. Peter Ryan, August 19, 2009, Deal means 2.2 million tonnes exported per year - AM - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  18. PetroChina Activates China's Biggest Refinery - The China Perspective
  19. PetroChina in $5.4bn Canada gas buy http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/94826968-34ab-11e0-9ebc-00144feabdc0.html?ftcamp=rss#axzz1DYRcqdDL
  20. http://www.petrochina.com.cn/resource/EngPdf/LTN20080319139.pdf "Summary of the 2007 Annual Report". PetroChina.com.cn, May 5, 2008
  21. 21.0 21.1 "Maximum fine over China pollution". BBC News. January 25, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6299085.stm. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  22. The Epoch Times | Jilin PetroChina Explosion Under Investigation, Vice-Mayor of Jilin City Reported Dead
  23. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6299085.stm "Maximum Fine Over China Pollution". Jan 25, 2007. BBC News. May 4, 2007
  24. PetroChina branch fined for pollution
  25. "Toxic leak reaches Russian city". BBC News. December 22, 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/4551842.stm. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  26. http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China_Business/GL02Cb06.html "China's toxic spillover" Dec 2, 2005. Asia Times May 4, 2008
  27. http://trilliuminvest.com/resolutions/human-rights-1/ "Divest From PetroChina - BP Amoco". Trilliuminvest.com. May 4, 2008
  28. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/06/world/asia/06china.html?ref=world "China Petrochemical Project Opposed". May 6, 2008. New York Times Online. May 6, 2008.
  29. "The Global 2000". Forbes. April 8, 2009. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/18/global-09_The-Global-2000_Rank.html.

External links

cs:PetroChina

da:PetroChina de:PetroChina et:PetroChina es:PetroChina eo:PetroChina fr:PetroChina it:PetroChina he:פטרוצ'יינה lt:PetroChina hu:PetroChina nl:PetroChina ja:中国石油天然気 no:PetroChina pl:PetroChina pt:PetroChina Company ro:PetroChina ru:PetroChina fi:PetroChina sv:Petrochina vi:Công ty Cổ phần trách nhiệm hữu hạn Dầu khí Trung Quốc zh-yue:中國石油 zh:中国石油